Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar, the month of fasting for Muslims around the world. It is one of the most cherished lifestyles that Muslims enjoy, celebrate and connect across the globe. The believers fast from sunrise to sunset, refrain from eating, smoking, drinking and intercourse during the fast. Muslims are duty-bound to cut off lies and abstain from all kinds of sinful or unethical practices.
Fasting in Ramadan is made obligatory by Allah (SWT), on individuals that are healthy, settled and have reached puberty. It aims to purify the soul, mind and body to bring closer to Allah (SWT). It is divided into three Ashra’ – Rehmat, Maghfirat and Nija’at with a particular dua’ to recite throughout each Ashra.
Thus, Ramadan for Muslims is all about Allah’s blessings to forgiveness and refuge from the hellfire. Towards the end, Muslims celebrate the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr, a 3-day event that brings Ramadan to a close.
Let’s focus on the depth that the Holy Quran highlights about this blessed month.
What does the Quran say about fasting in RAMADAN?
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous”— Surat Al-Baqarah 2:183
The above verse mentions that fasting was ordained compulsory on all Muslims (before and after you). Muslims must fast if they are to stay righteous. Fasting and abstaining from all the wrongdoings for a month rewire the entire mindset of the believer. One learns to behave and remain dutiful to Allah SWT and mankind throughout the year.
“[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of other days [are to be made up]. And upon those who’re able [to fast but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers
good[excess] it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.”
— Surat Al-Baqarah 2:184
In the above verses, the Quran highlights how those who are ill, pregnant, travellers and old can leverage on the alternative provided by the Supreme – Allah (SWT). They can offer ‘Fidya’ to the poor or can fast after they are physically well. Later, it is emphasised that Fasting holds countless mental, physical and spiritual benefits that one reaps after fasting.
Today, Science and medicine have confirmed that there are numerous health benefits to fasting for a month in a year. It is a great way to improve blood sugar control, cardiac health, brain function and cancer prevention. It cleanses the intestinal tracks and equally benefits the liver function.
“The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you, and perhaps you will be grateful.”
— Surat Al-Baqarah 2:185
Ramadan is the blessed month because the Holy Quran was revealed upon the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) during this month. It is the book of guidance, an invaluable treasure trove of information on how to live life as a good Muslim to this day.
“Indeed, We sent it [the Quran] down during the Night of Decree (Al-Qadr)
And what can make you know what the Night of Decree is?
The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months.
Therein descend the angels and the Rooh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] by Allaah’s Permission with all Decrees.
Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.”
— Al-Qadar 97:1-5
Lailat-ul-Qadr is a fortune that Allah has kept for the believers, only achievable in the last 10 nights of Ramadan. Allah didn’t disclose any particular night but have asked all the believers to look for the
Ramadan is a gift from Allah (SWT); an opportunity for Muslims to earn countless blessings, repent and capitalize on to seek salvation and forgiveness. We should all make the most of it and indulge in activities to provoke others to be as good as possible!